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白天亮:新一轮国企改革董事会不能再错位

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年10月21日 11:15:11
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(。更)(多)(的)(中)(央)(企)(业)(在)(关)(注)(:新)(一)(轮)(国)(企)(改)(革)(,董)(事)(会)(还)(将)(得)(到)(哪)(些)(授)(权)(?董)(事)(会)(的)(自)(主)(决)(策)(权)(多)(大)(程)(度)(上)(能)(得)(到)(保)(障)(?  完)(善)(现)(代)(企)(业)(制)(度)(是)(国)(企)(改)(革)(的)(重)(中)(之)(重)(,董)(事)(会)(建)(设)(堪)(称)(现)(代)(企)(业)(制)(度)(的)(“牛)(鼻)(子)(”。企)(业)(有)(决)(策)(和)(执)(行)(两)(种)(职)(能)(。大)(企)(业)(通)(常)(结)(构)(庞)(大)(、业)(务)(复)(杂)(,客)(观)(上)(要)(求)(决)(策)(和)(执)(行)(适)(当)(分)(开)(。决)(策)(层)(为)(了)(科)(学)(决)(策)(,强)(调)(制)(衡)(。执)(行)(层)(为)(了)(提)(高)(效)(率)(,强)(调)(权)(威)(。  回)(顾)(30多)(年)(的)(国)(企)(改)(革)(,国)(企)(经)(历)(了)(党)(委)(集)(体)(领)(导)(、厂)(长)(经)(理)(负)(责)(制)(的)(演)(变)(,始)(终)(缺)(少)(有)(效)(的)(决)(策)(执)(行)(监)(督)(机)(制)(。  国)(资)(委)(成)(立)(后)(,立)(即)(着)(手)(在)(中)(央)(企)(业)(、包)(括)(国)(有)(独)(资)(企)(业)(中)(建)(立)(董)(事)(会)(,一)(度)(被)(称)(作)(“国)(资)(委)(成)(立)(后)(最)(大)(的)(新)(闻)(”。  国)(企)(有)(了)(董)(事)(会)(,迈)(出)(了)(规)(范)(法)(人)(治)(理)(结)(构)(的)(关)(键)(步)(伐)(。但)(是)(,国)(企)(董)(事)(会)(又)(常)(被)(指)(为)(“四)(不)(像)(”“形)(同)(虚)(设)(”“花)(架)(子)(”,面)(临)(诸)(多)(尴)(尬)(。  董)(事)(会)(很)(无)(奈)(。董)(事)(会)(的)(职)(责)(是)(什)(么)(?在)(公)(司)(制)(企)(业)(中)(,董)(事)(会)(主)(要)(履)(行)(制)(定)(公)(司)(基)(本)(管)(理)(制)(度)(、开)(展)(战)(略)(决)(策)(、选)(聘)(经)(理)(层)(等)(方)(面)(的)(职)(能)(。现)(实)(中)(,恰)(恰)(在)(这)(些)(应)(当)(有)(所)(作)(为)(的)(领)(域)(,国)(企)(董)(事)(会)(的)(权)(力)(却)(极)(为)(有)(限)(。  公)(司)(基)(本)(管)(理)(制)(度)(的)(制)(定)(,出)(资)(人)(机)(构)(已)(编)(制)(好)(细)(致)(的)(规)(定)(和)(条)(款)(,董)(事)(会)(成)(了)(“二)(传)(手)(”。战)(略)(决)(策)(,涉)(及)(到)(发)(展)(转)(型)(、大)(额)(投)(资)(、新)(领)(域)(开)(拓)(,董)(事)(会)(往)(往)(要)(先)(对)(照)(有)(关)(政)(府)(部)(门)(的)(规)(定)(,考)(虑)(是)(否)(应)(当)(报)(批)(。特)(别)(是)(董)(事)(会)(对)(经)(理)(层)(的)(选)(聘)(,原)(本)(是)(公)(司)(法)(赋)(予)(董)(事)(会)(的)(基)(本)(权)(利)(,是)(市)(场)(经)(济)(下)(基)(本)(的)(公)(司)(治)(理)(规)(范)(。  但)(在)(实)(践)(中)(,大)(型)(国)(企)(的)(总)(经)(理)(通)(常)(由)(各)(级)(国)(资)(委)(或)(有)(关)(部)(门)(任)(命)(。董)(事)(会)(、经)(理)(层)(都)(向)(上)(级)(部)(门)(负)(责)(,国)(企)(的)(委)(托)(代)(理)(模)(式)(“出)(资)(人)(——董)(事)(会)(——经)(营)(层)(”难)(以)(真)(正)(建)(立)(起)(来)(,董)(事)(会)(的)(职)(能)(打)(了)(折)(扣)(。  董)(事)(会)(又)(很)(忙)(。出)(资)(人)(机)(构)(向)(董)(事)(会)(授)(权)(有)(限)(,董)(事)(会)(向)(经)(理)(层)(授)(权)(也)(很)(有)(限)(,董)(事)(会)(做)(了)(大)(量)(本)(该)(由)(经)(理)(层)(做)(的)(事)(。  有)(的)(企)(业)(,董)(事)(会)(和)(经)(理)(层)(高)(度)(重)(叠)(。董)(事)(会)(成)(员)(兼)(任)(高)(管)(,既)(是)(决)(策)(者)(,也)(是)(经)(营)(者)(。有)(的)(企)(业)(,集)(团)(公)(司)(和)(子)(公)(司)(负)(责)(人)(交)(叉)(任)(职)(,集)(团)(董)(事)(长)(、总)(经)(理)(出)(任)(重)(要)(子)(公)(司)(的)(董)(事)(长)(,重)(要)(子)(公)(司)(的)(董)(事)(长)(、总)(经)(理)(又)(是)(集)(团)(的)(董)(事)(,规)(范)(的)(公)(司)(治)(理)(结)(构)(停)(留)(在)(纸)(上)(。  有)(的)(企)(业)(,董)(事)(会)(成)(了)(企)(业)(内)(部)(的)(“审)(批)(者)(”,董)(事)(长)(变)(成)(了)(“一)(把)(手)(”,事)(无)(巨)(细)(都)(要)(由)(董)(事)(会)(批)(准)(、由)(董)(事)(长)(签)(字)(。一)(些)(国)(有)(企)(业)(看)(似)(设)(了)(董)(事)(会)(,依)(然)(是)(“内)(部)(人)(控)(制)(”“一)(把)(手)(说)(了)(算)(”。  新)(一)(轮)(国)(企)(改)(革)(,明)(确)(要)(求)(“推)(进)(董)(事)(会)(建)(设)(”,并)(特)(别)(强)(调)(“落)(实)(和)(维)(护)(董)(事)(会)(依)(法)(行)(使)(重)(大)(决)(策)(、选)(人)(用)(人)(、薪)(酬)(分)(配)(等)(权)(利)(,保)(障)(经)(理)(层)(经)(营)(自)(主)(权)(,法)(无)(授)(权)(任)(何)(政)(府)(部)(门)(和)(机)(构)(不)(得)(干)(预)(”。  不)(少)(国)(企)(对)(此)(大)(大)(点)(赞)(,认)(为)(是)(解)(决)(董)(事)(会)(错)(位)(的)(关)(键)(。不)(过)(,落)(实)(这)(些)(权)(利)(非)(国)(企)(自)(身)(可)(以)(决)(定)(。决)(策)(权)(、用)(人)(权)(、分)(配)(权)(,能)(在)(多)(大)(程)(度)(上)(交)(给)(董)(事)(会)(?经)(营)(自)(主)(权)(又)(如)(何)(保)(障)(?熟)(悉)(国)(企)(的)(人)(都)(深)(知)(其)(中)(弹)(性)(,由)(此)(也)(把)(关)(注)(的)(目)(光)(投)(向)(“依)(法)(行)(使)(”“法)(无)(授)(权)(”——国)(企)(改)(革)(方)(案)(提)(出)(了)(出)(资)(人)(将)(设)(监)(管)(权)(力)(清)(单)(和)(责)(任)(清)(单)(,那)(么)(针)(对)(董)(事)(会)(的)(法)(定)(权)(利)(,是)(否)(也)(可)(以)(有)(类)(似)(的)(清)(单)(?是)(否)(有)(更)(加)(详)(细)(的)(法)(律)(法)(规)(明)(确)(董)(事)(会)(与)(相)(关)(部)(门)(、与)(企)(业)(其)(他)(机)(构)(的)(权)(利)(边)(界)(?  (本)(文)(转)(载)(自)(人)(民)(日)(报)()
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